Sleep Disorders

imageThough SDB may include many seemingly benign conditions like snoring, the chronic diseases associated with SDB can be extremely burdensome and may increase ones risk of developing other diseases or even death. One of the most troublesome SBD conditions is Obstructive Sleep Apnea which has been linked to increased prevalence of chronic medical illnesses including:

  • Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Failure
  • Drug Resistant Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Death

In addition to the individual health concerns of SDB, there are also the societal impacts from daytime sleepiness, including:

  • Increased Motor Vehicle Collisions
  • Decreased Workplace Productive
  • Increased Errors and Catastrophic Mistakes

imageSleep Disordered Breathing constitutes a spectrum of conditions that result in abnormal respiratory patterns and/or an abnormal reduction in intake of oxygen during sleep. The following are brief descriptions of the various disorders.

Major SDB Conditions:

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

  • Complete or partially complete upper airway collapse leading to obstructed breathing
  • Airflow ceases until one abruptly awakes to take a critical breath as a result of reflexive brain stimulation
  • Numerous comorbid health conditions have been linked to OSA

Central Sleep Apnea

  • OSA without significant reflexive brain stimulation
  • Absence of airflow and ventilatory effort from the brain

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Hypoventilation

  • Decreased expiration of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) during sleep
  • Chronic CO2 retention leads to right sided heart failure, worsening system hypertension, insulin resistance, and increase risk of having a heart attack

Hypopnea & Cheynes-Strokes Breathing

  • Hypopnea – slightly milder form of OSA
  • Cheynes-Strokes Breathing – complex form of central sleep apnea

Diagnosis & Management Solutions:

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  • Sleep Answer Education & Screening Tools increase awareness and identification of people with OSA
  • Consultation with Certified Sleep Physicians
  • Network of Sleep Testing Facilities that make testing convenient and affordable for patients and payers
  • Home Sleep Testing Options for most suspected OSA patients
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment Solutions including patient resupplies
  • Reassessment and Monitoring Solutions
  • Wellness Coaching and Monitoring

If you have some questions, please contact us at 908-834-8500.

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